ISRO's XPoSat Unveils Mysteries of Space on the First Day of 2024

On the first day of 2024, India's space research organization ISRO successfully launched the XPoSat Satellite into space. This satellite, equipped with an X-ray polarimeter, is India's first of its kind and the world's second. Previously, only NASA had sent such artificial satellites into space.

The XPoSat satellite will explore and observe black holes in space. Additionally, it will monitor the 50 brightest sources of power listed in the XPoSat's catalog. Indian scientists will also study neutron stars in space through this artificial satellite.

ISRO launches maiden X-Ray Satellite, XPoSat

For this mission, the Indian Space Research Organization selected the first day of 2024. On Monday, January 1, 2024, at precisely 9:10 AM, Satish Dhawan Space Research Center launched the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) carrying XPoSat, marking the 60th space journey for the PSLV.

ISRO announced the success of the mission through a post on social media. Currently, XPoSat is positioned 650 kilometers away from Earth in its orbit.

The artificial satellite will spend five years in space. It will revolve around the Earth's polar orbit, with a maximum altitude of 500 to 700 kilometers. XPoSat carries two payloads: Polix (Polarimeter Instrument in X-ray) and Xpectx (X-ray Spectroscope and Timing). These payloads were developed jointly by the Raman Research Institute and the UR Rao Satellite Centre.

XPoSat will search for X-ray sources in space, focusing on the exploration of black holes. It will provide valuable information about the presence, location, and sources of these black holes. Additionally, it will study neutron stars, which are created when a star undergoes "Death" in space.

Neutron stars are extremely compact and small, with a diameter of not more than 30 kilometers. XPoSat will also observe these types of stars, contributing to the understanding of the universe's most powerful gravitational force, the black hole.

The mission cost ISRO 250 million rupees. ISRO Chairman S. Somnath stated, "We have achieved another success with PSLV. XPoSat satellite has been placed in a specific orbit." He further added, "We look forward to more exciting times ahead. The 2024 year has just begun, and there are many more space research projects scheduled for this year."

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