China's Ambitious Plan To Challenge US In Supercomputing and AI

China is improving its computational power to compete with the United States. China wants to increase its computer power by 50% by 2025. Additionally, the nation is concentrating more on artificial intelligence and supercomputing. According to the Reuters news agency, this information was disclosed in a government plan that was released on Monday.

Inside the U.S.-China Tech War

In the field of high technology, the competition between China and the United States is intensifying, spanning from semiconductors to AI-based supercomputers. China has limited the supply of chips to the United States to try to achieve its rise.

China's six ministries have jointly formulated this plan, which includes the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). By 2025, they want to elevate China's overall computing capability to 300 exaflops, meaning China aims to perform one quintillion floating-point operations per second (this capability could create a supercomputer capable of simulating a century of climate change in one hour).

In August of last year, MIIT reported that China's computing capability had increased to 197 exaflops, up from 180 exaflops in 2022. MIIT stated that they are now ahead of the United States in terms of computing capability, although they have not disclosed specific details regarding the U.S.'s computing capability.

Substantial computing capability is required for AI training, which has piqued Beijing's interest.

On the other hand, Google revealed in a blog post last month that significant supercomputing capability is required to reduce the training time for top-level AI models.

Now, businesses in various parts of China are considering building more data centers to enhance their computing capability. Beijing, in particular, is planning to develop computer-based infrastructure to meet the demand of the burgeoning AI industry.

Another important aspect for China is to strengthen the competence and speed of computation networks. The plan is to ensure that data can be transferred in less than five milliseconds after giving directions for information relocation.

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